Sunday, August 14

Biden dictates sanctions to drug traffickers in America and China for the overdose crisis

Given the growing number of deaths from overdose in U.S – more than 100,000 in a year – the president Joe Biden dictates this Wednesday two decrees to combat international drug trafficking, and sanctions criminal organizations of China, Mexico, Brazil Y Colombia as the main promoters of the current health crisis due to the abuse of illicit drugs. But despite the fact that the previous Administration, led by Donald Trump, identified Nicolás Maduro and the Cartel of the Suns as major drug exporters to the United States, there are no Venezuelans sanctioned on this occasion.

Administration sources have said this Wednesday that although “in the past Venezuelans in the Government have been sanctioned by the Treasury for drug trafficking,”

This time the objective is rather “to place this problem in a global framework and with a recognition of the transnational and increasingly branched nature of this type of threat.” The sanctions they affect 10 people and 15 companies. The Treasury says in its official communication that “for trafficking fentanyl and its chemical precursors, methamphetamine, cocaine and heroin.”

It is relevant that the US Treasury sanctions three Chinese companies for trafficking in fentanyl, anabolics and others synthetic drugs to the US Much of the overdose deaths in this country today are from the abuse of fentanyl, a strong synthetic opiate similar to morphine, but 50 to 100 times more potent.

According to the Treasury, the Chinese Chuen Fat Yip controls a group of companies that sell fentanyl compounds and chemical precursors to the public and private companies, by means of online orders, which are then shipped around the world, including EE.UU. Chuen, says the Treasury, “uses virtual currency, such as Bitcoin, and transfers of funds through money service companies and banks to receive payments.”

On the other hand, Shanghai Fast-Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd, is a Chinese chemical transport company also sanctioned for having sent various chemical precursors, often falsely labeled, to Mexico for the illicit production of fentanyl destined for the US market for sale and consumption. Hebei Huanhao Biotechnology Co., Ltd. is accused of the same.

The Treasury has also sanctioned the Clan del Golfo, from Colombia, and the drug trafficker from that same country Dairo Antonio Usuga David, alias Otoniel, captured in October. The US government, where Justice requires it by drug trafficking, offered a reward of five million dollars for information on his whereabouts. Regarding the Gulf Clan, the US Treasury assures that it “sends quantities of several tons of cocaine, destined for the United States, by means of maritime transport to Central America on a regular basis.”

In addition, the US Government sanctions the criminal group Primeiro Comando Da Capital, from Brazil; and Los Rojos and Guerreros Unidos, in Mexico, who join other cartels previously sanctioned, such as Jalisco Nueva Generación or se Sinaloa.

According to the Treasury, these sanctions imply that all the properties and interests of those penalized in the US are blocked. In addition, any entity that is owned, directly or indirectly, by 50% or more, of the blocked persons is also blocked.

New body against organized crime

On the other hand, Biden establishes the new United States Council on Transnational Organized Crime, which will impose sanctions on foreigners involved in illicit drug trafficking worldwide. It will bring together, according to the White House, six departments and agencies involved in efforts against organized crime to ensure that the US Government effectively uses all the appropriate tools to combat drug trafficking. The departments of Justice, National Security, Treasury, State, Defense and the Director of National Intelligence will be present at this forum.

That Council will have a Strategic Division that will be charged with developing government-wide plans to address major threats from transnational organized crime.

According to the aforementioned sources, “although in the past these organizations generally had more hierarchical capo-style structures, with clearly identified leaders and chains of command, they have become increasingly diffuse and decentralized. Financial facilitators and enablers who advance the pernicious goals of drug traffickers often no longer have even informal associations with the leaders of drug trafficking networks.

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