Tuesday, July 5

BIC shield of the regional government to 13 drawings and a manuscript by Federico García Lorca

Thirteen original drawings by Federico García Lorca and a manuscript with some verses from his Poema del Cante Jondo already have the maximum protection granted by the Community of Madrid: the file has been initiated for declare them an Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC), a total shield that will prevent both its sale and its departure from the country, if it is not with the permission of the Madrid cultural authorities. The measure was approved last Wednesday, in the Regional Government Council, at the request of the General Directorate of Fine Arts of the Ministry of Culture and Sports, in an example of institutional collaboration, not by infrequent less remarkable.

Lorca’s drawings ‘Amor intellectualis’, ‘Danza Macabra’, ‘Drowned Harlequin’, ‘Sea breeze’

or ‘Poema del Anzuelo’, to cite just some of the 13, are according to the experts who have prepared the BIC file «An important source for the knowledge of his work and of his personality; of his creative process and his artistic reflections, as well as of his relationships with intellectuals, friends and artists from that creative period ”.

With the launch of the BIC file, the Ministry of Culture “continues its work to protect the legacy of Federico García Lorca, with a procedure that should help ensure the knowledge and dissemination of the work of the poet of the Generation of 27”, explain to ABC the counselor Marta Rivera de la Cruz. The protection given to these works contributes to “broadening and enriching the poet’s legacy and his relationship with Madrid and the people of Madrid,” he concludes.

The resolution has already passed through the Regional Heritage Council. There is now a maximum period of nine months for processing. The file declares both the 13 drawings and the original manuscript as “expressly unportable.” It is considered that they deserve to be cataloged as BIC for “its historical and artistic value”. At the same time, a report is requested from the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando on the declaration, that if it does not arrive within a month, it will be understood in a favorable sense to the declaration.

The measure was approved by the regional government, at the request of the Ministry of Culture, in an example of institutional collaboration

The thirteen drawings are made in black India ink on laid paper, characterized by slight transverse marks on its surface, visible against the light. They are practically the same in their measurements and were made and titled by Lorca between 1927 and 1928.

The drawings

All are related to each other because, in the opinion of experts, they belong to the same era and are executed with the same technique. The one entitled ‘San Sebastián’ form this figure with abstract lines with ink stains at one end, symbolizing the arrows that wound the saint. It is represented with a single eye with a marked black eyebrow, which is interpreted as an image of pain.

In the titled ‘Peacock’, the author uses a continuous wavy line as a metaphor for the animal, and circles of various sizes with a black center, recalling the ocelli. ‘Sevillian Bullfighter’ identifies the matador with an upright bearing and a cap, based on multiple stripes. At ‘Poem of the hook’, references to fish are included. Y ‘Venus’ it represents the goddess without arms, broken, or perhaps as in her poem from the same year as the drawing, 1927, a dead Venus.

Minister Marta Rivera affirms that the BIC “continues the work of protecting the legacy” and “disseminating” the poet’s work

The drawing ‘Sea breeze’ They achieve the effect of moving air with small fringes. In ‘Macabre dance’ one of the few full-length figures of this group is represented, where a dancing skeleton is clearly identified. In ‘Drowned Harlequin’, Lorca fragments the face and multiplies it by unfolding it, causing movement that recalls the waves of water. ‘Behold the man’ It also has, as seen in another drawing, a single eye with tears to reflect pain and suffering. ‘Violin melody’ It is resolved with an eight with a continuous dotted line and the scroll of the violin in the center. The remaining three drawings are titled ‘Song’, ‘Amor intellectualis’ –One of the portraits he made of Salvador Dalí– and ‘Serenade’.

Lorca’s drawings reflect, as stated in the statement as BIC, “a mental reality that follows plastic and emotional criteria, always without reaching a total abstraction.” She uses the pictures as symbols “that help to explain her inner world”, and uses a very expressive line “looking for emotional intensity.”

Vanguard movements

Although Lorca had no academic training as a draftsman, drawing arose in him spontaneously, privately, encouraged by friends like Dalí. His drawings were also another form of poetry; there were poems that had his drawing, and vice versa. He included them in theatrical productions, in letters to friends and family, on postcards … And they evidenced the knowledge and assimilation he had of the artistic movements of that time.

As for the manuscript, from 1921, it is presented on an off-white sheet of paper, where a text in verse is written with a pen in black ink. With two erasures: the word ‘Lamentation’ in the title – changed to ‘Lamentation of Juan Brevas’ -, and the word ‘they arrived’ in line number 11. There are 28 lines: «On the sky / black / culverins / yellow. / I came to this world with eyes / and I’m leaving without them / Lord of the greatest pain! /… And then… / a candle, and a blanket / on the ground./ I wanted to get where they arrived / the good guys arrived / And I have Come, my God! / … But then … / a candle and a blanket / on the ground / Little yellow lemon / lemon tree. / Throw the lemons / into the wind / You already know! /… Because then… / A candle and a blanket / On the ground./ On the sky / black / culverins / yellow ».

These verses are part of ‘Viñetas flamencas’ from the Poema del Cante Jondo, written in 1921, but published 10 years later. This is the draft of the poem. Regarding its condition, although it is good, the manuscript has been folded, and shows a small tear on the edges of the fold. Several of the drawings have spots and slight wrinkles; and the edges are irregular, the file relates.


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