Correspondent in Rome
Talia and Germany have agreed to launch an action plan to work together to “strengthen European integration and even, if possible, accelerate that process.” This is the main result of the visit to Rome of the new German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz, invited by Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi. The latter’s message has been very clear: “Our countries will speak with one voice.”
At a press conference after their meeting at the Chigi Palace, headquarters of the Presidency of the Government, Draghi referred to the challenges that Germany and Italy want to face: “It is our will to work together to face the great European challenges: managing the pandemic, economic recovery and the fight against climate change.
We want to strengthen cooperation in science, technology and research.
The German Chancellor and the Italian Prime Minister have reiterated the importance of “being close to those most affected by the ecological and digital transition”, that is, families and companies. “Social cohesion is essential to advance on all fronts,” explained Draghi.
Another important issue they addressed was the Stability Pact of the European Union, agreeing that the pandemic has imposed the need to establish new rules. Draghi explained that the future discussion on the new fiscal rules of the European Union could potentially be “simpler” than other topics. All countries are called upon to finance unprecedented projects in the fields of digital, environmental and defense transition, Mario Draghi recalled, so “new fiscal rules are necessary.”
Draghi and Scholz have also publicly shown their agreement on the “construction of a common European defense” and the need to change the unanimity rule to adopt majority decisions in the EU.
Protagonism in Europe
With his meeting with Scholz, the former president of the European Central Bank thus takes another important step for Italy to play a leading role in Europe, following the historic Quirinal Treaty signed on November 26 with President Emmanuel Macron, in Rome, to strengthen Franco-Italian relations and promote European integration. With Mario Draghi at the head of the Government in Italy, the possibility of a strong triangulation between Berlin, Paris and Rome has been opened.
The result of the new relationship between Germany and Italy is the so-called ‘action plan’, which could be specified in a treaty or an agreement, as Mario Draghi clarified: “For now” we have begun “to identify a series of areas and topics ”, in all the most relevant fields, from immigration to defense, from economics to energy policy, security and culture. With Draghi at the head of the Executive, the relations between Berlin and Rome, which were marked by the volleys of the leader of the League, Matteo Salvini, against Germany during the Government of Giuseppe Conte, they have changed substantially in less than a year.