The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training has reached an agreement in principle this Tuesday with trade unions and autonomous communities to make some changes in the competition-opposition model to access the teaching public function of the years 2022, 2023 and 2024, in order to reduce the temporary work in the education sector.
These changes include that the opposition exam will not be eliminatory, that the practical part of it will be suppressed, and that the interim may become permanent, meeting certain requirements, without having to be examined, as stated in the draft royal decree to which Europa Press has had access, which does not plan to be approved until at least the month of April, according to Ministry sources.
According to said draft, the opposition phase will consist of a single test structured in two parts They will not have an eliminatory character, that is, that in the final and overall mark of the test, which will be from 0 to 10, at least 5 points must be obtained to access the contest phase. The first part will consist of the development of a topic and the second will be the presentation of a didactic unit.
In this way, the opposition phase will not consist of three parts, as has been the case up to now (development of a topic, practical test and presentation of a didactic unit), because the practical part is eliminated. However, the draft opens the door for “in those specialties that include applied content, instrumental or technical skills”, it is possible to “incorporate a practical exercise”.
Pass the exam
Until now, access to the teaching public function contemplated the obligation to pass the exam (development of a topic and practical exercise) to be able to access the second part of the opposition (presentation of a didactic unit), but with these proposed changes, it would not be necessary to approve each of the two parts but rather the whole of the examination phase. opposition.
This draft, which is still subject to further modifications, intends with these changes to reduce the temporary employment rate in the teaching public function to 8%, as Brussels has already requested from Spain. Education is precisely one of the sectors with the longest temporary employment, with rates of up to 25%.
According to ministerial sources, this draft royal decree aims to apply the future Law of urgent measures for the reduction of temporality in public employment, a project that is expected to be approved this Tuesday in the Senate.
Unions such as CCOO consider that it is necessary to convene more than 125,000 places at the state level as of now and until 2024 to reduce the percentage of temporary employment in Education.
With this principle of agreement between the Government and trade unions and autonomous communities, the opposition phase will have a weight of 60% and that of the contest, of 40% of the total score.
In the competition phase, previous experience (seven points), academic training (two points) and other merits (one point) will be valued, so that the maximum score will be, as in the opposition phase, 10 points.
Regarding the interim, the draft establishes that the process will consist of “A selective admission procedure, consisting of a merit contest” which will be different from the rest of the applicants. Thus, in these cases, previous experience will count for a maximum of seven points; academic training up to three points; and other merits a maximum of five points (counting 2.5 points the overcoming of the opposition in the same specialty in calls held since 2012).
According to CSIF, this contest would affect the places occupied temporarily prior to January 1, 2016, as they would obtain the maximum number of points in previous experience and training.