The parliamentary processing of the labor reform promises strong emotions. The PNV spokesperson in the Congress of Deputies, Aitor Esteban, has assured this Saturday that, today, his training will not support labor reform
agreed by the Government of Pedro Sánchez with employers and unions as long as the prevalence of regional agreements over state agreements is not included, reports EP.
In statements made in Bilbao, Esteban has assured that the position of the PNV on this matter has been known to the Government for weeks, and not only by the Executive but also by social agents. In his opinion, the agreed text presents «positive aspects», but for its formation it is «fundamental to preserve its own dynamics, a framework of its own labor relations, which already exists ‘de facto’ in the Basque Country», he stressed.
The PNV’s position against the labor reform is the first ‘official’ desertion of one of the components of the so-called ‘investiture block’ regarding one of the most critical legislative initiatives of the next session for the Government, not only because of the emblematic nature of which the agreement has been tried in the last hours but also because it is one of the reforms key structures that Brussels aspires to see black on white in Spanish regulations within the framework of the European Recovery and Resilience Mechanism.
The Government saw this movement coming and for this reason it tried to strain in the course of the negotiations a reform of article 84.4 of the Workers’ Statute to regulate the regulatory balance between the state sector agreement and the regional sector agreement. It happens that in its current wording, that the agreement for the labor reform does not modify, A series of decisive matters is explicitly reserved for state-level negotiation for the conformation of a national framework of labor relations worthy of the name, such as the trial period, the hiring modalities, the professional classification, the maximum annual working hours, the disciplinary regime, the minimum standards in matters of prevention occupational hazards or geographic mobility.
And it also happens that since 2017 there has been an interprofessional agreement in the Basque Country signed by the Basque employer Confebask and the four majority unions in the territory established by the priority application of the sector agreements signed in the Basque Country over any agreement of a state nature when determining the working conditions of Basque workers, except in matters expressly prohibited by the Workers’ Statute. To date, this agreement regulates the conditions of more than 350,000 workers, 60% of those covered by a collective agreement in the Basque Country.
During the negotiation of the labor reform, the Ministry of Labor slipped the possibility of lightening the prevalence of state sectoral agreements and of recognizing the same value to the autonomous ones when regulating these key aspects to liquidate the space of legal uncertainty that today Today weighs on the Basque interprofessional agreement and that could end up deactivating its operation in some cases. The frontal opposition from CEOE and UGT This possibility closed the door to a change that was seen with good eyes by CCOO and that the PNV was eager to give a letter of nature to that framework of labor relations proper to the Basque Country.
Aitor Esteban has defended that in the Basque Country there is not “the same union dynamic as in the rest of the State and also the relations with the business community are different”. “What we want is to preserve that and, therefore, for the PNV the relationship of agreements is fundamental and we believe that agreements at the level of the autonomous community should be preferred to those at the state level,” he insisted.
Esteban, who has said he does not know “with whom the Government is going to take the proposal forward,” has repeated that the PNV will not support it, while Do not see “solved” is the problem of the prevalence of regional agreements.